Ensuring Life, Health and Prosperity for Future Generations

Rwanda Refuses DDT

Balton Introduces Indoor Spray for Malaria

East African Business Week (Kampala)

26 March 2007
Posted to the web 26 March 2007

By Daniel Karibwije

Balton Rwanda, has introduced a non toxic and environmentally friendly spray, Bi-star to combat the deadly malaria disease.

In a recent interview with Business Week at his offices in Kigali , the country manager of Balton Rwanda Mr. Bob Gatera expressed the desire for his company to improve public health in the country.

“Our company is anti-DDT. We have done trials using Bi-star in Nyarutarama in Kigali and we have been largely successful,” Mr. Bob Gatera said.

Unlike DDT, Bi-star is bio-degradable and favourable to the eco-system. Bi-star is being floated by Balton Rwanda to compliment ICON that has already been endorsed by the Government of Rwanda.

Mr. Canelas Joaquim, the programme manager of RTI contracted to supply ICON, said the spray was recommended by environment officials and it does not have any side effects.

ICON like Bi-star, is an indoor residual spray that targets the anopheles mosquito responsible for the transmission of malaria. Rwanda’s Lands and Environment Minister Mr. Christophe Bazivamo said the government would not go against international conventions that ban the use of DDT and would only look at environmentally friendly alternatives. Bi-star is manufactured by Makheteshim Chemical Works Ltd, an Israeli company.

Starting July this year, the health ministry and USAID will launch the spray of ICON in homes. Speaking to the local media in December 2006, Joaquim said the spraying will be carried out in three phases and will coincide with the rainy season.

The wet season favours the multiplicaton of mosquitoes and their breeding areas tend to blossom due to abundant stagnant water.

Uganda on the other hand approved the use of DDT in the fight against malaria early this year.

The National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) confirmed that DDT would be sprayed in Ugandan homes starting April 2007 to kill mosquitoes and combat the deadly malaria.

“NEMA is hearby approving an integrated approach to malaria control involving the use of DDT, pyrethroids control, insecticide treated nets, biological control methods and environmental sanitation options,” the executive director of NEMA Dr. Aryamanya Mugisha wrote in a statement to the Uganda’s ministry of health early this year.


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